Alexandria better known as the mermaid of the Mediterranean is the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo. In fact it is considered to be the second Capital of Egypt. Alexandria was built during the rule of the Greek emperor Alexander the Great who seek to immortalize his name through this city. The Greek architect Dinocrates built Alexandria on the site of the old village Rhakotis 331 BC.

Later Alexandria flourished to be a prominent cultural, political and economic metropolis. It was the renowned capital of the Ptolemies with monuments many of which remain to be a witness to a great civilization. Alexandria (31.09N 29.53E ) is located at the north of Egypt. Its geographic location enabled it to be one the most important ports in Egypt with more than 50% share of Egypt's sea trade.

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