Christian Monasticism was founded towards the end of the third century in the Eastern Desert of Egypt by St. Antony the Great (A.D.250-335). In 330 one of his disciples, St. Makaruios the Great, (330- 390) established ascetic life in Wadi El- Natrun, assisted by St. Ammon, another disciple of St. Antony.
At First monks lived in separate cells, which later increased in number. Later on forts, into which the monks took refuge when attached, were constructed. A monastery assumed its present shape when high walls were built around a number of cells to secure the safety of monks.
This monastery was established in the fourth century and dedicated to “Theotokos” i.e. God’s Mother.
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