Agriculture has played a major role in the Egyptian history and always affected the lives of Egyptians from the days of the pharaohs up to our modern time. Therefore, because of agriculture's ancient and continuing importance to Egyptian life, during the 1930s the Egyptian government decided to build an agriculture museum. The museum was built during the period of King Farouk to mainly serve two purposes. These are to provide information agricultural and economic knowledge and to record the history of agriculture over a long period that extends form prehistoric to modern times.
The palace of Princess Fatma, daughter of Khedive Ismail, was chosen to house the museum in November, 1930. The museum was first opened on 16 January 1938 and was the first museum of this kind in the world.
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